張展-公民記者報導武漢疫情,引致政府報復

張展 約於2020年2月1日到武漢報導當地新冠病毒疫情,在微信、推特(推號:@consultorzhang)、YouTube等直播報導當地情況。張展於5月14日在武漢被抓捕和押回上海,隨後以「尋釁滋事罪」被刑事拘留,6月被正式逮捕。最近網上傳出張展的起訴書,檢察院甚至未審先判,建議法院判張展五年以下有期徒刑。

ZhangZhan went to Wuhan on or around 1 February 2020 to report about the location COVID-19 pandemic situation, live broadcasting on her WeChat, Twitter (@consultorzhang) and YouTube accounts. She also provided assistance to those affected by the pandemic. Her live broadcast on the ground led to retaliation from the government. On 14 May 2020, she was taken back from Wuhan to Shanghai and later criminally detained on suspicion of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble”. She was formally arrested in June. Recently, Zhang Zhan’s indictment has been circulated online. Without any trial date being set, the procuratorate even suggested the court to sentence Zhang Zhan to up to five years imprisonment.

姓名:張展

出生年份:1983年9月2日
職業:公民記者、前律師

被拘捕日期:2020年5月14日,5月15日刑事拘留,6月19日被正式逮捕,8月18日被起訴
被拘捕地點:在武漢被抓捕押回上海
被拘捕罪名:尋釁滋事罪

正式被捕日期:
被起訴日期:

法律代表:辦案單位於6月份帶出張展的委託書要求委託戴佩清為其律師,8月18日案件移送檢察院後,張展母親又委託任全牛為共同辯護律師,但是無法會見,國保強迫張母解除對任全牛的委託,張展又委託聞宇律師共同辯護。目前張展的兩位律師是戴佩清和聞宇。

審訊日期:
審判日期:
判決結果:
刑期:
關押地點:
上海浦東新區看守所

案件簡介:
張展以公民記者身份約於2020年2月1日到武漢報導當地新冠病毒疫情,在微信、推特(推號:@consultorzhang)、YouTube等社交媒體直播報導當地情況,並協助受疫情影響人士。她的直播報導引致政府報復,於5月14日在武漢被抓捕和押回上海,5月15日被上海市公安局浦東分局以「尋釁滋事罪」刑事拘留,張展家人6月20日收到逮捕通知書,上海市浦東新區人民檢察院6月19日批准對張展以涉嫌「尋釁滋事罪」執行逮捕,張展現被關押上海浦東新區看守所。

張展於9月28日會見律師時,律師發現她消瘦不少,張展拒絕認罪並在看守所絕食超過一個月,看守所內每天有兩三人強行向張展灌食粥或流質食物,但張展仍拒絕進食,身體狀況令人擔憂。

11月13日,網上傳出張展的起訴書,起訴書指出張展已於8月18日被正式起訴,並指控她透過微信、推特和YouTube發佈關於疫情的虛假信息,和接受海外媒體採訪,聲稱張展的行為造成公共秩序嚴重混亂,又列出所謂證人名單,檢察院又罕見地發出量刑建議書,未審先判,建議判張展五年以下的有期徒刑。

自2019年以來,張展在微信等網上平台大量轉發香港「反送中」運動視頻和圖文,並自己發文聲援,又以行為藝術和舉牌支持香港的抗議行動,於2019年9月9日被上海公安傳喚,隨後失去聯絡,後來家人獲知她以涉嫌「尋釁滋事罪」被刑事拘留,其父當時被恐嚇不願公開訊息。直至2019年11月26日獲釋,據悉,她被關押期間曾兩次被強制性作「精神病鑒定」。

張展曾擔任律師,因參與維權活動和修訂律師管理辦法的簽名活動,而遭註銷律師執業資格。

參考更多資料:
https://www.dw.com/zh/%E5%BC%A0%E5%B1%95%E4%BC%9A%E8%A7%81%E5%BE%8B%E5%B8%88-%E6%98%8E%E6%98%BE%E6%B6%88%E7%98%A6%E4%B8%94%E4%BB%8D%E6%8B%92%E7%BB%9D%E8%BF%9B%E9%A3%9F/a-55087303
https://www.voacantonese.com/a/zhang-zhan-has-gone-on-hunger-strike-for-more-than-a-month-20201001/5604702.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/08/blog-post_69.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/06/blog-post_81.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/11/blog-post_24.html

資料更新:2020年11月18日

Name: Zhang Zhan (張展)

Date of birth: 2 September 1983
Occupation: Citizen journalist, former lawyer

Date of detention: Taken away on 14 May 2020, criminally detained on 15 May 2020, formally arrested on 19 June 2020 and indicted on 18 August 2020
Location: Was taken back from Wuhan to Shanghai
Ground of detention: Picking quarrels and provoking trouble

Date of formal arrest:
Date of Indictment:

Legal representation: The unit handling her case showed a legal representation agreement from Zhang Zhan in June 2020 asking to hire Dai Peiqing as her lawyer. When her case was transferred to the procuratorate, Zhang Zhan’s mother hired lawyer Ren Quanniu to jointly represent Zhang Zhan. But Ren was not allowed to visit Zhang Zhan. The national security police forced Zhang Zhan’s mother to dismiss Ren Quanniu. Zhang Zhan hired lawyer Wen Yu to jointly represent her. Currently, Zhang Zhan’s lawyers are Dai Peiqing and Wen Yu.

Date of trial:
Date of sentencing:
Verdict:
Sentence:
Location of detention/imprisonment:
Pudong New District Detention Centre in Shanghai

Description:
Taking the role of a citizen journalist, Zhang Zhan went to Wuhan on or around 1 February 2020 to report about the location COVID-19 pandemic situation, live broadcasting on her WeChat, Twitter (@consultorzhang) and YouTube accounts. She also provided assistance to those affected by the pandemic. Her live broadcast on the ground led to retaliation from the government. On 14 May 2020, she was taken back from Wuhan to Shanghai. On 15 May, the Pudong Branch of Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau criminally detained her on suspicion of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble”. Zhang Zhan’s family received a notification of her formal arrest on 20 June. Pudong New District Procuratorate in Shanghai on 19 June approved the formal arrest of Zhang Zhan for the charge of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble”. Zhang Zhan is currently detained at Pudong New District Detention Centre in Shanghai.

On 28 September, when Zhang Zhan met with her lawyer, her lawyer discovered that Zhang Zhan had lost a lot of weight. As a protest to refuse to admit to committing the offense, Zhang Zhan staged a hunger strike for over one month. Two or three officials at the detention centre forced fed Zhang Zhan with congee or liquid food every day but Zhang Zhan still refused to eat anything. Her health condition is worrying.

On 13 November 2020, Zhang Zhan’s indictment was circulated on the internet. According to the indictment, the authorities accused her of disseminating false information about the COVID-19 pandemic on WeChat, Twitter and YouTube and receiving interviews with overseas media, claiming that Zhang Zhan’s behaviours had caused serious public disorder. The indictment also included a list of witnesses to substantiate the allegations. In a rare move, the procuratorate also issued a recommendation on sentencing for her case. Even before any trial date being fixed, the procuratorate already suggested that the court should sentence Zhang Zhan to up to five years’ imprisonment.

Since 2019, Zhang Zhan retweeted a lot of videos and infographics about the Anti-Extradition Bill movement in Hong Kong on WeChat and other online platforms. She also conducted performing arts and held placards to support the protests. On 9 September 2019, she was summoned by Shanghai police for interrogation. She went missing afterwards. Later, her family was told that Zhang Zhan was criminally detained on suspicion of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble”. Her father was intimidated and did not want to disclose information about her detention. Zhang Zhan was released on 26 November 2019. According to sources, she was was twice forcibly diagnosed for “mental assessment” during detention.

Zhang Zhan was a former lawyer. Her legal practice was suspended after she took part in human rights activities and signed the campaign to call for amending the Measures on Managing Lawyers’ Practice of Law.

For more information:
https://www.dw.com/zh/%E5%BC%A0%E5%B1%95%E4%BC%9A%E8%A7%81%E5%BE%8B%E5%B8%88-%E6%98%8E%E6%98%BE%E6%B6%88%E7%98%A6%E4%B8%94%E4%BB%8D%E6%8B%92%E7%BB%9D%E8%BF%9B%E9%A3%9F/a-55087303
https://www.voacantonese.com/a/zhang-zhan-has-gone-on-hunger-strike-for-more-than-a-month-20201001/5604702.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/08/blog-post_69.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/06/blog-post_81.html
http://wqw2010.blogspot.com/2020/11/blog-post_24.html

Updated on: 18 November 2020