四川「六四天網」創辦人 #黃琦 是習近平2012年上台以來，受到最嚴厲判決的其中一異見人士。黃琦三次繫獄，刑期加起來達20年。2016年，「天網」獲得無國界記者頒發媒體自由獎，不久黃琦即被捕，並於2019年以「故意洩露國家秘密罪」和「為境外非法提供國家秘密罪」重判12年。黃琦首兩次入獄時，因監獄條件差劣及遭受毒打、折磨，令他身患腦積水、腦萎縮、心臟病、腎炎等多種疾病。第三度被捕時，腎衰竭病情惡化，血壓高，看守所不僅疑偽造他的血壓資料記錄，以圖掩飾病情，又拒絕讓他在看守所醫院治理或服藥。黃的律師三次申請保釋，當局一概拒絕且未說明原因。2020年9月17日，當局終於批准他以視像與87歲母親蒲文清會面，其母發現他手腳浮腫，擔心他在獄中營養不良。
Among the Chinese political prisoners under Xi Jinping’s regime, #HuangQi is one of those who suffer the heaviest blow. In total, he would serve 20 years imprisonment in his life for his human rights work. In late 2016, he was detained and on 29 July 2019, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison for the charges of “deliberately leaking state secrets” and “illegally providing state secrets abroad”. On 17 September 2020, Huang Qi was finally allowed to host a short video call with his 87-year-old mother, the first time since he was detained in 2016. His mother found that his arms and legs were swollen and suspects he suffers from malnutrition.
黃琦畢業於四川大學無線電子系，1998年成立中國首家尋人事務所「天網尋人事務所」，以助家庭團圓為目標，幫助尋找失散親人，救出不少被拐婦女，獲得官方讚揚。但隨著網站持續發佈有關人權、批評時政、為底層民眾發聲的資訊，當局開始視「天網」為眼中釘，黃琦亦被視為中國網絡異見先驅。黃琦至今先後3次入獄，第一次2000年「六四」前夕被捕，2003年判刑5年，罪名是「煽動顛覆國家政權」; 出獄後重建「六四天網」，網站多次被攻擊至「永久關閉服務器」，後由境外服務器繼續網站運作。黃琦由於揭發汶川大地震「豆腐渣」工程被捕， 2009年判囚3年，罪名是「煽動顛覆國家政權」及「非法持有國家機密文件」；2016年，「天網」獲得無國界記者頒發媒體自由獎，不久黃琦被捕，並於2019年以「故意洩露國家秘密罪」和「為境外非法提供國家秘密罪」重判12年。黃琦是習近平2012年上台以來，受到最嚴厲判決其中一名異議人士。3次刑期合共20年。
Name: Huang Qi (黃琦)
Date of birth: 7 April 1963
Occupation: co-founder of Tianwang Center for Missing Persons (later renamed the Tianwang Human Rights Center, also known as “64 Tianwang”)
Date of detention: 28 November 2016
Location: Police took him away from his home in Sichuan Province
Ground of detention: the original charge was “illegally providing state secrets abroad”. In September 2018, an additional charge “deliberately leaking state secrets”was placed.
Date of formal arrest: 16 December 2016
Date of Indictment: Unknown
Legal representation: Huang Qi’s two defense lawyers, Sui Muqing and Liu Zhengqing, had got their lawyers’ licenses revoked by the Judicial Bureau. When his mother Pu Wenqing contacted other lawyers, some informed her that the authorities would not allow them to represent Huang Qi, nor they would be allowed to meet with Huang.
Date of trial: 14 January 2019, secret trial
Date of Sentencing: 29 July 2019. The Mianyang City Intermediate People’s Court in Sichuan posted the verdict without notifying the family.
Verdict: Huang was convinced of “deliberately leaking state secrets” and “illegally providing state secrets abroad”.
Sentence: Huang was sentenced to twelve years in prison, deprived of his political rights for four years, and confiscation of personal property of RMB 20000
Location of imprisonment: Bazhong Prison, Sichuan Province
Huang Qi graduated from Department of Information Engineering of Sichuan University. In 1998, he and his wife established an organization, with the mission to help counter human trafficking and rescued many victims (mostly women). The organization was first approved by the authorities. Later it was expanded to report against human rights abuses, criticize current affairs and speak out for the grassroots people and became a thorn in the eye of the authorities.
Huang was recognized as the first cyber-dissident in China. He was first detained in 2000, shortly before the 11th anniversary of June 4th Massacre and sentenced for five years on “subversion” charges for posting human rights-related information. He was again arrested in July 2008 for “illegal possession of state secrets" and “subversion” after he reported on the victims of the Sichuan earthquake. In November 2009 he was sentenced to three years of imprisonment. In 2016, he was awarded with Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Award. In late 2016, he was detained and on 29 July 2019, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison for the charges of “deliberately leaking state secrets” and “illegally providing state secrets abroad”. Among the Chinese political prisoners under Xi’s regime, Huang is one of those who suffer the heaviest blow. He would serve 20 years of imprisonment from the three sentences mentioned above.
Due to torture, beatings and poor living conditions in the previous two prison terms, Wang suffered from hydrocephalus, brain atrophy, heart disease, nephritis and other diseases. When he was arrested for the third time, his kidney function deteriorated and his blood pressure was high. The detention centre was suspected of falsifying his blood pressure records in order to conceal his condition, denied him his medical treatment and disallowed him to take medicine. Huang’s lawyer applied for medical bail on his behalf three times, but the authorities rejected them all without grounds.
On 17 September 2020, Huang was finally allowed to host a short video call with his 87-year-old mother, the first time since he was detained in 2016. His mother found that his arms and legs were swollen and suspects he suffers from malnutrition.
Huang’s mother Pu Wenqing published an open letter in April 2020, stating that she was under surveillance, not allowed to go to Beijing, to be interviewed by media, to get in touch with other people who are making complaints against the authorities, to hire lawyers of her choice for Huang Qi. In previous years, she was forced to disappear, to be placed under house arrest and officials even lived in her house to supervise her. She wrote in her “final words”, that she wishes to live long enough till Huang Qi is set free again.
Updated on: 24 September 2020